Nepal is home to a variety of bird species thanks to its specific geography. There are only few other places in the world where the elevation rises from 60 m over sea level to more than 7000 m so quickly!
Far West Nepal hosts several bird habitats, which you find listed below. Most of them are declared as Important Bird Areas by the organization Bird Conservation Nepal (BCN). Ranging from jungle and wetlands in the Terai up to the mountainous region, it is definitely the right place for bird lovers. More than 500 bird species are living there!
Birds of Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
This bird diversity is unique in itself, 19 globally threatened species occur there. The Reserve is a home for more than 420 bird species and has also several rare and threatened grassland species such as the swamp francolin, grass owl and Hodgson’s buschchat. It has the largest population of Bengal florican in Nepal.
Birds of Khaptad National Park
Khaptad National Park is an isolated massive with the highest point at 3300 m. The park is a home for 226 bird species among the common are impeyan phesant (also known as danphe, Nepal’s national bird) and many types of partridges, flycatchers, bulbuls, cuckoos and eagles.
Birds of Ghodagodhi Lake
The Ghodaghodi Lake complex in Kailali district is made up of 14 lakes. It is an important area because it represents one of the last intact networks of marshes, swamps and lakes in Far Western Terai. This ecosystem provides important habitats for many water birds.
Birds of Mohana River Corridor
The Mohana River Corridor is located two kilometers west of Dhangadhi. It is a habitat of 110 resident and migratory bird species.
South Asia’s Vultures are on the brink of extinction. There has been a decline of 99% in the vulture population in the last 20 years caused by a contamination of the vultures’ food with the veterinary drug diclofenac. To reverse this effect, Vulture Safe Feeding Sites (or Vulture Restaurants) have been established.
Locations of the Vulture Restaurants in Far- and Midwest:
Khutya, Kailali. This site lies on the bank of the Khutiya River (located between Bardia National Park and Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, not far from Attariya, 13 km from Dhangadhi).
Lalmatiya, Dang. This site is situated in Kalika Community Forest (from Butwal, it is 103 km west to Lalmatiya, Dang District).
Bijauri, Dang. This site is situated at Syalapani in Bhulke CF, Dang District. It is not far from Tulsipur, Dang (41km from north from Lamahi, Dang, on the East-West Highway).